Indian Jewelry is popular in the world for the finest and elaborated designs. Instead of wearing traditional designs, Asian women prefer to select the jewelry that can coordinate with the dresses. The credit is given to skilled craftsmen who create stylish pieces with clay, wood, plastic, stones, metals and beads to present unlimited astounding collection. Bangles, nose ring, earrings, ring, maang-tika, mangal-sutra and necklaces are being worn to look more appealing and glamorous. Whether you need gold, imitation or diamond jewelry, it will take a few minutes to find your favorite brand and design online. Pota, Kundan, Metal, Thewa and Polki are some of the highly demanded designs.
Types of Indian Jewelry
Wearing the right jewelry gives complement to appearance. Anklets, bracelets, nose rings, necklaces, crowns, earrings, amulets, manglasutra and mang-tika are available in various styles and metals. Some of the most preferred types of Indian jewelry are as follows:
- Kundan – Embedded gems and stones on ornament
- Meenakari – Heat resistant colors and gems are enameled on jewelry
- Jadau- Precious gems are entrenched with Polki in melted gold
- Gold – Gold jewelry is preferred for brides
- Lac- Lacquer is embedded to strengthen the jewelry designs
- Pachchikam – Gems and stones are set in silver metal
- Thewa – Gold jewelry setting on colorful glass
- Filigree – Silver jewelry made up of fine wires
Indian antique jewelry is crafted by following 100 years of older designs. These days, such designs are in fashion. Rusty and traditional sets are being crafted by using different metals like silver, platinum, gold, iron, aluminum, alpaca and copper. Precious stones (Sapphires, emeralds, diamonds, pearls, and rubies) or semi-precious stones are studded to make the jewelry within the range of every customer.
Indian bead jewelry is found in various styles and colors. Ornaments that are crafted with Resin beads, Metal beads, Clay beads, Acrylic Beads, Woven beads, Ceramic beads, Glass beads, Kashmiri beads, Rhinestone beads, Murano beads, Wooden beads and Pearl beads have given a wide range of options for formal events and daily wear.
No doubt, jewelry is the most influential part of bridal attire. Each and every girl dreams to look amazing on her special day. It is the reason; the bridal jewelry in form of Shringar Patti, Tikka, Earrings, Necklace, Bangles, Nose Ring, Rings, Bracelets, Toe Ring, Anklet, Mangal Sutra, Arm Band and Waist Band is designed in gold, silver, diamond, platinum, kundan and stones, depending on the budget and particular region and its traditions.
Day by day, the fascination for formal and daily wear jewelry is increasing, as a consequence people prefer to gift jewelry to their special ones on special occasions – birthdays, childbirth, weddings and anniversaries etc. The Emphasis on ornaments has given way to custom jewelry designs that are exclusive and distinctive. Whether you want to buy a pendant, ring, earring or necklace, run your imagination and get a unique piece of jewelry that will etch in mind forever.
Indian fashion jewelry can dazzle the customers with its elegant styles. Whatever is the event, people will notice you if your jewelry complements you the best. According to the Asian trends, the ornaments are delicately crafted in order to suit with Sarees, Shalwar Suits, Lehengas, Frocks and Jeans as well.
The filigree jewelry is a flimsy type of metalwork, containing twisted threads, small beads or combination of threads and beads. Artistic patterns and complicated designs have made filigree work the most captivating type of jewelry. Bracelets, bangles, rings, necklaces and earrings have a variety of classical and natural designs including Petals, Peacock, Leafy, Floral, Sunflower, Butterfly, Lotus, Geometric and coral.
People love to flaunt their personal style statement through eye-catching gold jewelry designs. Whether you need to buy bangles, tikka, armlet, ear-rings, mangalsutra, waist belt, anklet, chains, pendants, rings or complete set, you can select various sizes and designs to meet your needs. For striking emergence, the ornaments are paired up artistically with gemstones and diamonds.
In past, men and women used to adorn themselves with pearls, shells, flowers, stones and woven grass bracelets. With the development of civilization, the materials as well as styles have evolved. The latest handmade jewelry items are made up of sliver treasures, wood, leather, beads, shells, turquoise and pearl. Experienced crafters and artists work on different materials to offer a wide collection of handmade jewelry.
Indian ivory jewelry has acquired an iconic place due to pliability and creamy surface of the bone. Ivory bangles are given as a gift to bride. Orissa, West Bengal and Rajasthan are renowned states where delicate ivory jewelry is crafted. Due to light weight and soft texture, Ivory pendants and bangles are the most demanding items.
The art of Kundan, Meenakari and Polki are applied to design jadau jewelry. Jadau is heavy weight pricey jewelry. The Mughal jewelry tradition is highly acknowledged in Bikaner, Rajasthan, Gujrat and Jaipur. Jadau bracelets, rings, choker, earrings, necklace, jhumkis and maang-tika are the regal ornaments that are meant for special occasions.
Indian kundan jewelry is crafted by embedding a gem with gold foil stuck between the stones. The technique is derived from regal court of Gujrat and Rajasthan. Kundan jewelry is admired for vivid colors and eye-catching designs. The customers can order Polki Kundan Set, Kundan Necklace Set, Kundan Pendant Set and Kundan Pearl Set in Gold, Semi precious stones and inexpensive metals as well.
Lacquer or lac jewelry is designed for married women. The versatile designs of Rajasthan based ornaments have gained great recognition in India and other Asian countries. Though various items are crafted in lacquer jewelry (Timaniyan, Gokhru, Gajra, Rakhi, Bala, Bajuband, Jod), but glass work based bangles have enhanced the magnificence of the jewelry.
Women, who love to wear colorful and bright ornaments, they prefer to purchase meenakari jewelry. Though the tradition to craft enameled designs was started in Rajasthan, but the heat resistant colors have attracted people all over the world. Embedded precious stones and striking designs of paisley, flower, fish and peacock give ethnic touch to this sophisticated type of jewelry.
Nine flattering stones (Cat’s eye, Blue Sapphire, Yellow Sapphire, Coral, Ruby, Diamond, Hessonite, Pearl, Emerald) are embedded in navratna jewelry. According to Indian culture, these nine stones have great spiritual power and make certain the well-being of the wearer. Due to religious, historical and astrological significance, this type of jewelry has given distinctive place.
The pachchikam jewelry has the charm of old world. The fabulous designs were originated in Kutch and Gujrat. Apart from Gold, the fragile Pachchikam jewelry designs are also available in Silver which make the flashy jewelry within the range of all customers. These ornaments are usually worn on festivals and with western dresses as well.
In addition to Gold jewelry, the trend to purchase silver jewelry is on the peak. The luxury jewels including chains, nose rings, toe rings, armlets, bracelets, rings, necklaces and earrings form an essential part of jewelry. ans of silver metal are given opportunity to choose modern minimalistic or traditional styles to impress others.
These days, the stone jewelry is quite popular. It has become an essential part of men and women’s life for aesthetic and spiritual reasons. According to ruling planet and astrological significance, people wear different types of stones including Ruby, Emerald, Garnet, Diamond, Turquoise, Kyanite, Jasper, Alexandrite, Diamond, Cat’s eye, Moonstones, Opal, Zircon, Topaz and Ruby etc.
There are three categories of Indian jewelry, named as Bridal Jewelry, Spiritual Jewelry and Temple Jewelry. The temple jewelry was first used to embellish the idols. Now, the fascinating designs are also worn by brides and classical dancers. The customized dance sets, Kemp necklaces, Haaram long necklaces, Choker, Jhumkas, Hair Jewels and Bangles are designed with gold, uncut precious stones and sea pearls.
The rich tribal jewelry has unique styles to distinguish various tribes. The innovative format of tribal jewelry is still preserved. Shells, bone, crude metals, clay and wood are used to craft these ornaments. The rustic charm has made this jewelry perfect for different outfits. Evergreen ethnic ornaments (belly dance cuffs, kuchi necklace, nose rings, anklet and combo bracelet) describe the socio-cultural customs of various groups.
History of Indian Jewelry
The history of Indian jewelry started with the olden times of the country. Almost 5000 years ago, the people of this land felt great charm for jewelry and beautifying themselves. Since that time, the curiosity for ornaments and beautification has never dwindled.
- For Indian rulers, ornaments were taken as statement of authority, prestige and wealth.
- To adore the idols, temple jewelry was crafted through finest handwork.
- Later on, sparkling jewelry was particularly designed to make the appearance of classical Indian dancers exquisite.
- To highlight the magnetic appearance of Indian women, stunning jewelry pieces (from head to toe) were crafted.
- With the passage of time, the trend to create bridal jewelry began to suit the attire of bride.
Significance of Indian Jewelry
Indian women use jewelry for adornment. On auspicious events, women are given jewelry as a gift. Apart from making women more attractive, there is particular significance of Indian jewelry. Here is the description of some jewelry pieces and their scientific or cultural consequence:
It is an essential and seductive part of bridal jewelry. It is believed that married women will tolerate less pain if they have pierced nose on the spot where nose ring is being worn.
Beautiful bangles have fervent and romantic connotations. It is believed that bangles help in improving the circulation level of blood and giving way to energy to pass through the skin.
Necklace is exquisite ornament that can control emotions, make hypnotize attempts unsuccessful and help in strengthening one’s love.
The middle finger is used to wear the wedding ring. As the finger is connected with the heart, so the ring helps in directing the emotions and getting good health.
Married women wear mangalsutra as it represents the commitment and feelings of love between a couple. It is significant that this ornament has power to control blood pressure and circulation level normal in the body.